Prescription Drug Abuse – Watch Out for these Drugs

A pervasive ill plaguing our society is the prescription drug abuse and people of any age group can become its victim. Of all the drugs, antidepressants are more likely to be abused, especially by youngsters. Stimulants and tranquilizers are also commonly abused. It’s better to have knowledge about certain medications that are likely to be abused. Drugs which are predisposed to be abused by somebody fall into three principal categories:

Opioid: These are essentially pain killers which induce a feeling of euphoria in the users.
Tranquilizers: These medicines act as a blanket on the brain, generating a calming effect as a depressant on the central nervous system.
Stimulants: By giving the proverbial kick, stimulants increase brain activity by enhancing alertness and energy level.

Some of the most commonly abused drugs are:

Xanax (alprazolam): This drug falls under tranquilizer category which depresses the central nervous system of a person. Prescribed to treat panic disorder and serious anxiety, people often abuse Xanax owing to its sedative and relaxing effects. By far this is the most abused drug in the market.
Klonopin & Valium: These drugs also have similar effects like Xanax and are mostly abused for inducing ‘highs’ akin to alcohol. People under the influence of Klonopin & Valium become talkative, feel inebriated and relaxed, just like after a heavy boozing session. These drugs can prove to be lethal in case of an overdose.
Oxycodone: This drug falls under the category of opioid which alters the way the brain reacts to pain. Also known as OxyContin, it induces a euphoric and sedative effect on the user and is often compared with heroin. It is quite expensive and to procure it the addicts often resort to stealing and other petty crimes.
Codeine (Purple Drank): Codeine is primarily used with other medicines to reduce pain and incessant coughing and is used in strong cough syrups. But because of its highly sedative effect, Codeine has made its way to the list of highly abused drugs. When consumed in a high quantity, it can alter the level of consciousness.
Demerol & Darvocet: These drugs were pulled off the shelves in the U.S. in 2010 because of their side effects of contributing to heart ailments. Being painkillers, these medicines bring in immediate results. But over a period of time people become resistant to it and the tolerance level increases significantly. So, as the dosage increases it gives way to a rampant abuse.
Amphetamine: This drug falls under the category of stimulants. Because of its immediate effect on a person, it has earned the sobriquet of ‘speed’. An addict, under its influence, develops a false notion of euphoria, excitement and a sense of wellbeing. It also boosts confidence and motivation level.
Ritalin: Prescribed for the treatment of ADHD, it is used for the central nervous system and often becomes a habit in users leading to any subsequent abuse. Because of the over-the-counter availability and being a frequently prescribed drug, it has become a highly abused prescription drug.

Even if somebody in the family is taking these medicines for any medical condition under the supervision of a doctor, you still need to be vigilant so that it doesn’t get abused. If you find a loved one in the family abusing a prescribed drug, immediately seek prescription drug addiction help from any credible rehab center in the vicinity. The prescription drug abuse treatment in California is touted among the best in the United States.

Solutions for Drug Abuse Can Help

Millions of people across the world truly believe that there are no solutions for drug abuse, because they are addicted to drugs.

Many times, those addicted to drugs will find themselves in terrible financial situations because of their drug use. All the money that they have will be spent obtaining them to feed their addiction instead of using finances for important things like children, bills, food and other responsibilities. This is just one reason that finding solutions for drug abuse is so important when these have taken control of your life.

Another way that abuse impacts life negatively is negative health. Any drug that an individual is abusing will undeniably leave them in poor physical health over time. Finding solutions for drug abuse can prevent many potentially deadly health issues such as cardiac arrest, heart disease and lung cancer. Of course, these are some of the most serious health consequences of drug abuse, but a possibility nonetheless.

On many occasions, solutions for drug abuse are needed because drugs have left an individual facing prison or other legal consequences. Addicts will do almost anything to obtain drugs; including break the law. Stealing, robbing or hurting other people to get drugs or money to get drugs is not uncommon for people under the influence of drugs. There are endless stories in jails across the country from inmates who can’t even remember how they ended up there, because they were under the influence of drugs when they were taken in.

Here is How to find Solutions for Drug Abuse

There are many effective and affordable options for individuals or families searching for a way to break free from addiction to drugs. First, tap into the recovery community in your area. This means going to alcoholic or narcotic meetings and following the process that they recommend. This has worked for millions of people. Another possibility is talking to a family doctor to find out if there are effective detox centers or substance abuse facilities in your area that work. Also, there are endless abuse hotlines in every community that are designed to help people who cannot stop using drugs. Professional drug treatment centers are another option that have givens many people addicted to drugs the tools they need to stop using.

The negative impact that addiction to drugs have on life are tremendous. Always remember that there are solutions for drug abuse available that can help.

Prescription Drug Abuse may Instigate Violence

Prescription drug abuse can inflict harm in more ways than one. It has been found that prescription drugs can also incite tendency of violence in the abuser. According to a study, “Prescription Drugs Associated with Reports of Violence towards Others,” published in 2010, “Acts of violence towards others are a genuine and serious adverse drug event associated with a relatively small group of drugs.”

Drugs like Varenicline and antidepressants like serotonergic are strongly implicated in such cases. The research called for “more prospective studies” to systematically evaluate this side effect and establish any incidences, confirm differences among drugs and identify any additional common features.

According to the researchers, the adverse effects of prescription drug abuse are seldom studied despite the fact that non-medical use of drugs induces violent thoughts and acts towards others. It is a common occurrence in our society. Several studies have already been conducted with the approval of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) through meta-analysis of clinical trials to study the risks of suicidal behaviors – but not amounting to violence – associated with antidepressants.

We also come across numerous drugs that contain warnings, necessitated by the FDA, to doctors or patients about the possibility of aggressive or violent acts. This is also a clear indication that certain drugs do have the capacity to trigger violent behavior, if consumed in ways other than prescribed.

Drugs that come with such warnings include Varenicline, Zolpidem, Montelukast and all antidepressant pills. The patients taking Varenicline, the antidepressants or quetiapine are advised to contact a physician immediately if they experience any aggressiveness or anger within and feel inclined to violence. Whether it is the prescription drug abuse treatment in California – among the best in the U.S. – or elsewhere, seeking prescription drug addiction help is the only solution in such cases.

This study aimed at evaluating and summarizing the evidence about reported acts of violence associated with therapeutic drugs. The researchers studied all serious adverse drug events reported to the FDA from 2004 through the third quarter of 2009.

Takeaways

In a span of 69 months, the study “identified 484 evaluable drugs that accounted for 780,169 serious adverse event reports of all kinds.” There were 1,937 cases of violence, which included homicides and physical assaults.

Several drugs were also identified having a close association with violence. These included Varenicline (a smoking cessation aid), 11 antidepressant drugs, three drugs for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and five hypnotic/sedatives. The psychoactive medicines accounted for most of the drugs goading people to violence.

Another study, “Mental Health and Rape History in Relation to Non-medical Use of Prescription Drugs in a National Sample of Women,” is also of the opinion that prescription drugs and interpersonal violence are closely interrelated. According to it, “All forms of prescription drug use was associated with increased severity of assault history, with multiple assault victims being the most likely to have used these prescription drugs in the past month.”

The study achieved an important advancement in the realm of prescription drug abuse. It revealed that there are a large number of cases of drug-alcohol facilitated rape or DAFR, which is a direct consequence of prescription drug abuse.

“Lifetime history of DAFR (rape by means of the perpetrator’s deliberate intoxication of the victim), PTSD (Post traumatic stress disorder), and other forms of substance abuse were identified as factors significantly associated with NMUPD (non-medical use of prescription drugs) and should be assessed by medical professionals prior to selection of treatment options,” it concluded.